Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Reconquest of Tabaristan under Uthman
Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Reconquest of Tabaristan under UthmanDuring the caliphate of Uthman the people of Tabaristan like the people of the other provinces of Persia revolted against the authority of the Muslim rule. Uthman directed Sa'ad b 'Aas the Governor General of Kufa to suppress the revolt. Sa'ad b Al 'Aas led a strong force of 80,000 warriors to Tabaristan under his personal command. The force included such eminent persons as Abdullah b Abbas; Abdullah b Umar; Abdullah b Zubair; and Abdullah b Umar b Al 'Aas .
The Muslim force advanced in the first instance to Qumas. The Persians at Qumas were not in a position to fight against such a large Muslim force. They surrendered, and peace was made subject to their payment of an annual tribute. From Qumas the Muslims advanced to Jurjan. The Persian garrison offered some resistance but finding such resistance useless surrendered. A tribute of 20 lakh dirhams was imposed on the people and peace was made.
Thereafter the Muslim force advanced to Tamlisa. It was situated on the sea coast. It was a fortified town and contained a large Persian force. The Persian force offered stiff resistance. So stiff and violent was the resistance of the Persians that Saeed b A1 'Aas had to offer Salat-i-Khauf, prayers offered on the occasion of great danger. A violent battle took place outside the city which was not conclusive. The Muslims increased their pressure, and at last the Persian garrison surrendered. The peace terms agreed upon were ambiguous, and one of the terms agreed upon was liable to the interpretation that immunity was to be allowed to one man only. Availing of the ambiguity of the term when the Persians surrendered and laid down arms, all male persons except one were executed. Women and children were made slaves. Immense booty fell into the hands of the Muslims. The harsh treatment meted out to the people of Tamlisa struck terror into the hearts of the people of other towns and they lost the will to resist the Muslims
The Muslim forces thereafter overran Gilan and other parts of Tabaristan. Even the hilly tract which had not been conquered during the caliphate of Umar was brought under Muslim rule. Having reconquerd the whole of Tabaristan Saeed b A1 'Aas planned to march to Khurasan, but when he came to know that Ibn 'Aamir the Governor General of Basra was already in };hurasan, Saeed returned to Kufa.
Ka'ab b Jamil wrote some verses in the honor of Saeed b A1 'Aas . He said:
"The bravery of young Saeed was notable; He overpowered the whole of Tabaristan; And that was a great feat; He even penetrated the hills, Heretofore inaccessible to the Muslims. He led a force of 80,000 warriors, And his efforts were crowned with success As a General and Administrator, He has surpassed his predecessors, Verily, he is a great man."
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- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Exile of Abu Dhar Ghifari
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Agitation Against Uthman: Abdullah b Masud
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Abdullah b Masud and Uthman
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Analysis of the Accounts
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Abdur Rahman bin Auf
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Talha bin Ubaidullah
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Battle of the Camel
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- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Ummair and Kammil
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - 'Ammar bin Yaris
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - 'Ammar b Yasir during the caliphate of Uthman
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Campaign of Vilification Against Uthman
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Ibn Saba's Subversive Movement
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Allies For The Ibn Saba's Movement
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - 'Aamir bin Abdullah Tamimi in Basra and Syria
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - 'Aamir bin Abdullah Tamimi in Kufa and Madina
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - The political atmosphere in Madina
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Council of Governors
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Facing the Challange of the Seditionists
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Investigation into rumors
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Uthman's open letter to his people
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Uthman's address on the occasion of the Hajj
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Muawiyah's advice
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - The situation in Madina
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Ali's dialogue with Uthman
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Uthman's reaction to the address of Ali
- Khalifa Uthman bin Affan - Uthman's address at the Prophet's mosque
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- Aisha Stacey
- Abraham invites his father Azar (Terah or Terakh in the Bible) and nation to the Truth revealed to him from his Lord.
- An introduction to the person of Abraham and the lofty position he holds in Judaism
- and Islam alike.
- Abraham destroys the idols of his people in order to prove to them the futility of their worship.
- Abraham’s dispute with a king
- and the command of God to migrate to Canaan.
- Some accounts of Abraham’s journey to Egypt
- the birth of Ishmael