Khalifa Abu Bakr - Right of Ali
Khalifa Abu Bakr - Right of AliSectarian differences. Unfortunately, the caliphate issue led to sectarian differences. Accounts that have come down to us in this respect are conflicting as well as confusing, and it is difficult for a student of history to assess the correct position. According to one account, Ail offered allegiance to Abu Bakr along with other Muslims. According to another account, Ali did not offer allegiance, and opposed the caliphate of Abu Bakr. In this he was supported by the Hashemites. It is alleged that Umar threatened to suppress this opposition with force. According to another account, Ali offered allegiance to Abu Bakr six months later, after the death of Fatima. Whatever the case, so much at least is undeniable that Abu Bakr's allegiance was duly taken by Ali some time during the caliphate of Abu Bakr. Ali was actively associated with the administration during the caliphate of Abu Bakr. When Abu Bakr died, Ali in his oration dilated at length on the superb qualities of Abu Bakr, and expressed full faith in his leadership. Ali married the widow of Abu Bakr, Asma, and looked after Abu Bakr's son Muhammad as his own son. This shows that the differences, if any at all, between Abu Bakr and Ali were duly reconciled during the lifetime of the Caliph Abu Bakr.
Nature of the issue. After Ali had taken the oath of allegiance to Abu Bakr the controversy about the caliphate issue should have come to an end, and it should not have been made a religious issue. The Holy Prophet was a spiritual as well as a temporal leader. After his death, revelations ceased, and the new leaders of the Muslim community were to be temporal leaders only. The election of such leaders could be nothing but a political issue, and it was not correct to make it a religious issue. On the occasion of the farewell pilgrimage, Allah declared that He had completed the religion for the Muslims. If the caliphate were to be a religious issue, Allah or the Holy Prophet would have given instructions on the point. The very fact that the Holy Quran as well as the Sunnah are silent in the matter of caliphate shows that the matter is explicitly political and not religious in character.
Right of Ali. Some sections hold that in becoming the Caliph, Abu Bakr usurped the rights of Ali, and he was therefore a usurper. On the face of the fact that Ali did offer allegiance to Abu Bakr, though after some time, this argument loses its force. Abu Bakr's avowed policy was to follow in the footsteps of the Holy Prophet and to do things as the Holy Prophet would have done if he were alive. Abu Bakr was very meticulous in carrying out all the commands of the Holy Prophet, in letter as well as in spirit. When all persons around Abu Bakr Holy Prophet him not to dispatch Usamah's expedition to Syria as Madina itself was threatened with danger, Abu Bakr overruled the objection on the ground that the order of the Holy Prophet had to be carried into effect. When he was asked to appoint someone else as the Commander instead of Usamah, he held that he could not reverse an appointment made by the Holy Prophet. It is well-known that Abu Bakr did not covet the office for himself. This is established by the fact that at the time of his death, he refunded all remuneration that he had drawn from the public treasury as Caliph. Under the circumstances, if there had been any indication that the Holy Prophet wanted Ali to be the Caliph, Abu Bakr would have been the last man to stand in the way of Ali.
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Campaign in Bahrain
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Battle of Darim
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Campaigns in Uman and Mahrah
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Battle of Daba
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Badhan
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Campaign in Yemen
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Campaign in Hadramaut
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Ash'as bin Qais
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Muthanna's Reconnaissance Campaign in Iraq
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Preparations of Hormuz
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Occupation of Uballa
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Battle of the Chains
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Battle of Mazar
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Battle of Walaja
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Consequences of the Battle of Walaja
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Battle of Ulleis
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Consequences of the Battle of Ulleis
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Conquest of Hirah
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Dialogue Between Khalid and Abdul Maseeh
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Battle of Anbar
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Battle of 'Ein-at-Tamr
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Battle of Daumatul Jandal
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Battles of Huseid and Muzayyah
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Campaigns in Western Iraq
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Battle of Firaz
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Battle of Babylon
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Campaigns in Syria
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Plan of the Byzantines
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Route to Syria
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Khalid's March to Syria
- Aisha Stacey
- Abraham invites his father Azar (Terah or Terakh in the Bible) and nation to the Truth revealed to him from his Lord.
- An introduction to the person of Abraham and the lofty position he holds in Judaism
- and Islam alike.
- Abraham destroys the idols of his people in order to prove to them the futility of their worship.
- Abraham’s dispute with a king
- and the command of God to migrate to Canaan.
- Some accounts of Abraham’s journey to Egypt
- the birth of Ishmael