Khalifa Abu Bakr - Ar-Rum
Khalifa Abu Bakr - Ar-RumPersian conquests. Four years after the proclamation of the mission of the Holy Prophet, war broke out between the Persians and the Byzantines. The sympathies of the Quraish of Makkah was with the Persians who were polytheists. The Muslims on the other hand had their sympathies for the Byzantines who were Christians and believed in one God. In the war the Persians overran the Byzantine territories. Syria and Jerusalem fell to Persians in 614 C.E. The Persians next marched to Egypt and annexed it 616 C.E The Byzantines were defeated, and lost a good deal of territory. The Quraish of Makkah rejoiced at the victory of Persia. They took such victory to signify that their gods were superior to the God of the Christians arid the Muslims.
Surah Ar-Rum. It was at this stage that the Surah Ar-Rum (Surah XXX) was revealed. It provided: "Alif, Lam Mim. The Greeks (Byzantines) have been defeated in a neighboring land; But after their defeat, they will gain a victory within a few years Allah's is the command before and after. On the day that the Greeks win a victory, The believers will rejoice. Allah gives victory to whom He wills, He is the Mighty One, the Merciful. That is Allah's promise. His promise can never be untrue; yet most men do not know it."
Reaction of the Quraish. When the Holy Prophet informed his companions of the revelation, they felt very happy. When the revelation was made, the Byzantines lay low, and prima facie appeared difficult that the Byzantines would defeat the Persians and regain their territories. Even among the Muslims there were some persons who felt skeptic. Abu Bakr's faith know no wavering. He felt confident that the prophesy would be fulfilled. When the unbelievers came to know of this revelation they ridiculed it. They said, "By Lat and Uzza, the Byzantines can never defeat the Persians." Abu Bakr had an altercation with some of the Quraish. He said "How can the revelation of God be false?"
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Occupation of Makkah
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Conquest of Makkah
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Battle of Hunain
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Battle of Taif
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Expedition to Tabuk
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Abu Bakr as Amir-ul-Haj
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Dhat-ul-Salasil
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - The Farewell Pilgrimage
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Farewell Address
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Illness of the Holy Prophet
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - The Last Address of the Holy Prophet
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Death of the Holy Prophet
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Abu Bakr's Address to the Muslims
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - The Ansars
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - The Debate
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Election of Abu Bakr
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Assembly of the People
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Election of Abu Bakr as the Caliph
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Right of Ali
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Judgment on the Caliphate
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Expedition to Syria
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - The Campaign
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Judgment of Abu Bakr
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Reply to The Tribes
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - The Attack of The Tribes
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Battle of Zul Qissa
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Battle of Abraq
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Plan of Campaign Against the Apostates
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Taleaha
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Battle of Buzakha
- Aisha Stacey
- Abraham invites his father Azar (Terah or Terakh in the Bible) and nation to the Truth revealed to him from his Lord.
- An introduction to the person of Abraham and the lofty position he holds in Judaism
- and Islam alike.
- Abraham destroys the idols of his people in order to prove to them the futility of their worship.
- Abraham’s dispute with a king
- and the command of God to migrate to Canaan.
- Some accounts of Abraham’s journey to Egypt
- the birth of Ishmael