Khalifa Abu Bakr - Byzantine Garrison
Khalifa Abu Bakr - Byzantine GarrisonYaqusa. After the battle of Ajnadein, the Muslims broke the camp at Ajnadein in the first week of August 634 C.E. and set out for Damascus. The advance of the Muslims was resisted by a Byzantine force at Yaqusa on the bank of the Yermuk. The Byzantine force was defeated with considerable loss and Muslims pushed on towards their objective Damascus.
Marj-us-Saffar. After three days march from Yaqusa, the Muslim forces arrived at Marj-us-Saffar, twelve miles from Damascus, and here their way was barred by a Byzantine force. The battle began on the 19th August with personal duels. In these duels the Muslim cavaliers won and their Byzantine counterparts lost their lives. When after the personal combats, the battle began, the Byzantines stood firm for a few hours, but as the Muslims increased their pressure, the Byzantine forces withdrew. Two Byzantine Generals, Kulus and Azazeer were captured alive. Many Byzantine soldiers were killed. The survivors withdrew post haste to Damascus.
Gibbon. In his well-known work Decline and Fall of the Romau Empire, Gibbon has a passage giving a graphic description of the arrival of the Muslim forces at Damascus. He writes; "The sad tidings of the fall of Ajnadein were carried to Damascus by the speed of grief and terror, and the inhabitants beheld from the walls of the city the return of the Muslim heroes of Ajnadein Amr bin Al 'Aas led the van at the head of nine thousand horse, the bands of the Muslims followed each other in formidable review; and the rear was closed by Khalid in person, with the standard of the black eagle. To the activity of Zarrar, he entrusted the commission of patrolling round the city with two thousand horses, of scouring the plain and of intercepting all succor or intelligence. The rest of the Arabian chiefs were fixed in their respective stations before the seven gates of Damascus and the siege was renewed with vigor and confidence."
Byzantine garrison. The Byzantine garrison in Damascus was commanded by Thomas, a son-in-law of the Byzantine emperor Heraclius. At the principal gate of the city, the Byzantines erected a lofty crucifix before which prayers were offered that the Son of God would defend his servants and vindicate his truth.
The siege. The siege of Damascus began on the 21st of August, and on the 23rd of August 634 C.E., Abu Bakr was dead. Damascus fell in the hands of the Muslims in September 634 C.E. during the caliphate of Umar.
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Things which he did not do, and wished that he should have done them
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Ali's Oration on the Death of Abu Bakr
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Ali's Mourning on the Death of Abu Bakr
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Wives of Abu Bakr
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Children of Abu Bakr
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Distinctions of Abu Bakr
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Abu Bakr in the Holy Quran
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Holy Prophet's Estimate of Abu Bakr
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Intelligence of Abu Bakr
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Abu Bakr's Love for Islam
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Abu Bakr as seen by Western Writers
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Role of Abu Bakr
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Supporting Role of Islam
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Apostasy Campaigns
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Unification of Arabia under the Holy Prophet
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - International Background
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Causes of Muslim Success
- Khalifa Abu Bakr - Fulfillment of History
- Khalifa Umar bin al-Khattab - Family 1
- Khalifa Umar bin al-Khattab - Family 2
- Khalifa Umar bin al-Khattab - Hadart Umar In The Days Of Ignorance
- Khalifa Umar bin al-Khattab - Hadart Umar And Islam
- Khalifa Umar bin al-Khattab - Ta Ha
- Khalifa Umar bin al-Khattab - Conversion to Islam: Al-Faruq
- Khalifa Umar bin al-Khattab - Migration From Mecca
- Khalifa Umar bin al-Khattab - Early Days In Madina
- Khalifa Umar bin al-Khattab - Battle Of Badr
- Khalifa Umar bin al-Khattab - Captives of Badr
- Khalifa Umar bin al-Khattab - Battle of Badr: Umayr Bin Wahb
- Khalifa Umar bin al-Khattab - The Call To Prayer
- Aisha Stacey
- Abraham invites his father Azar (Terah or Terakh in the Bible) and nation to the Truth revealed to him from his Lord.
- An introduction to the person of Abraham and the lofty position he holds in Judaism
- and Islam alike.
- Abraham destroys the idols of his people in order to prove to them the futility of their worship.
- Abraham’s dispute with a king
- and the command of God to migrate to Canaan.
- Some accounts of Abraham’s journey to Egypt
- the birth of Ishmael